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Axle Load

Views: 0     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2022-12-13      Origin: Site

The axle load reflects the static load strength of the automobile wheel bearing, and it determines the average stress level of the alternating stress of each component. From a design perspective, axle load is a very important parameter, which is closely related to the performance of the car. The axle coincidence wheelbase determines the position of the center of gravity of the car. Therefore, once the wheelbase and axle weight of the automobile changes, the overall layout design must be re-designed, especially the size of the drive train and body parts, the spring and shock absorber parameters in the suspension system, and the size of the steering trapezoidal tie rod in the steering system must be re-adjusted. At the same time, the change of the wheelbase will also cause the change of the front and rear axle load distribution, which must consider the impact of these factors on the braking, handling and ride comfort of the car. Therefore, the parameter of wheelbase and axle weight is often noted in the automobile technical performance table, which is enough to show that it has a very important reference role. The axle load meter distinguishes four-channel, six-channel, eight-channel, etc. according to the testing needs. It has the advantages of light weight, small size, high detection accuracy, and easy portability. Therefore, it is also called: portable weighing instrument, Portable axle load meter, portable car weighing meter, portable axle load tester, etc. Working principle The car is stationary on a weighing table with a certain width, and the weight of each wheel of the car is measured from the weighing table, and then the axle weight and total weight of the car are accumulated. The weighing process is a strong real-time process, which requires sensors to collect the data of each axle of the car in time and calculate its weight quickly. When a weight is applied to the weighing platform, the weighing platform will output a voltage signal. The output signal is proportional to the weight of the weight. The signal is sent to the amplifier for amplification and then converted into a digital value by an analog-to-digital converter; The size of the digital quantity is proportional to the size of the signal, and it is also proportional to the weight of the heavy object. Selecting the appropriate scale factor has the following relationship: Car wheel weight = K (proportion factor) X digital quantity, where: K--selected automatically by the computer Constant digital quantity = the digital quantity corresponding to the calibration value minus the digital quantity corresponding to the no-load condition. Store K and the digital quantity corresponding to the no-load in EPROM. After each measurement, take out the above two values for calculation. After the calculation is completed Send the result to the display, which is the wheel weight value of the car. Add the wheel weight of the car to get the axle load of the car, and add the axle load of the car to get the total weight of the car. 

Take the original cantilever beam load cell of the STW-18 portable axle load instrument sensor as an example: At present, there are three main ways to realize the cantilever beam load cell, as described below.

The non-integrated cantilever beam load cell is a combination of the traditional classic sensor (the cantilever beam load cell made by non-integrated technology, the load cell only has the function of obtaining information), signal conditioning circuit, and micro-processing with digital bus interface A cantilever beam weighing sensor system constituted by the combination of the device as a whole. The signal conditioning circuit is used to condition the signal output by the cantilever load cell. The load cell amplifies the output signal of the cantilever load cell and converts it into a digital signal before sending it to the microprocessor. The load cell is then sent to the microprocessor. It is connected to the field digital bus through the digital bus interface. Load cell This is the fastest way and way to realize the cantilever beam load cell.

This kind of non-integrated cantilever beam load cell is developed rapidly under the impetus of the development situation of fieldbus control system. Because this kind of control system requires the cantilever beam weighing sensor to be connected, the Z-degree transmitter must be intelligent. For automation instrument manufacturers, the original set of production process equipment is basically unchanged. Therefore, for these manufacturers, non-integrated implementation is the most economical and quickest way and way to build a cantilever load cell system.


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