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The Application of life raft

Views: 1     Author: Annis from Saintbond company     Publish Time: 2022-02-25      Origin: www.cranescaleloadcell.com

The Application of life raft

SOLAS Convention and technical rules for statutory survey of international seagoing ships on cargo ship lifeboats and rafts. The safety of life at sea is an important part of the safety of ship navigation. Therefore, the allocation of life-saving equipment in SOLAS Convention, especially the allocation standard of lifeboats and rafts, has been gradually improved after several amendments. Until the amendment 83 (which came into force on July 1, 1986) has been fully improved, the technical rules for statutory survey of international seagoing ships have also been amended. The specific allocation requirements are as follows:

1.1 the cargo ship shall be equipped with

(1) One or more fully enclosed lifeboats [motorized] (open lifeboats before July 1, 1986) meeting the requirements of the rules on each side of the ship, and the total capacity of each side shall be able to accommodate the total number of people on board; and

(2) In addition, one or more inflatable or rigid life rafts meeting the requirements of the rules shall be stored in a place that can be easily transferred from side to side on a single open deck plane, and its total capacity shall be able to accommodate the total number of personnel on board. If the above life rafts are not stored in a place convenient for side-to-side transfer on a single open deck plane, the total available capacity on each side shall be able to accommodate the total number of people on board;

The following requirements can also be met according to Article 1.2

(1) One or more fully enclosed lifeboats that can fall freely at the stern in accordance with the requirements of the rules, and their total capacity shall be able to accommodate the total number of people on board. and

(2) In addition, there are one or more inflatable or rigid life rafts on each side of the ship, and the total capacity shall be able to accommodate the total number of people on board. Liferafts on at least one side of the ship shall use landing equipment.

1.3 cargo ships with a length of less than 85m (except oil tankers, liquid cargo and gas transport ships)

(1) One or more inflatable or rigid life rafts on each side of the ship, and the total capacity shall be able to accommodate the total number of people on board; and

(2) Unless the life raft required in 1.3 is stored on a single open deck plane for convenient side to side transfer, additional life rafts shall be equipped so that the total capacity available on each side can accommodate 150% of the total number of personnel on board;

(3) In case of loss or unavailability of lifeboats and rafts on either side, the lifeboats and rafts available on each side, including those stored in a place convenient for side-to-side transfer on a single open deck plane, shall be able to accommodate the total number of people on board.

(4) At least one rescue boat complying with the rules shall be equipped.

It can be seen from the above provisions: when the captain is greater than 85m, there are available fully enclosed lifeboats and liferafts that can accommodate the total number of people on board on each side. When the captain is less than 85m, there are available life rafts on each side that can accommodate the total number of people on board, and it is ensured that when the life rafts on either side are lost or cannot be used, there are life rafts on the other side that can accommodate the total number of people on board. In addition, at least one rescue boat meeting the rules can be used.

The technical rules for statutory inspection of domestic seagoing ships the requirements for the allocation of lifeboats and rafts for cargo ships in coastal navigation areas: the allocation of lifeboats and rafts has not been modified from rule 92 to rule 2004. The specific allocation requirements are as follows:

2.1 the total number of life rafts is 110% of the total number of people on board;

It can be seen from the above provisions that as long as the total capacity of life rafts equipped is 110% of the total number of people on board, there are no requirements on the length of the ship, the composition and storage location of life rafts.

Through the comparison between the two, through the continuous amendment of SOLAS Convention, international navigation ships can meet the actual life-saving needs to the greatest extent, while the requirements for life-saving rafts of coastal cargo ships have not been amended and are always in a low standard state, which can not meet the actual life-saving needs to the greatest extent.

Configuration equipment of life raft

1. Sufficient number of oars; Each paddle shall be equipped with paddle frame. Boat crutch or equivalent; The paddle frame or paddle fork shall be tied to the boat with short rope or chain;

2. 2 boat hooks;

3. 1 floating ladle and 2 buckets;

4. One life-saving manual;

5. One effective compass in box coated with luminous agent or with appropriate lighting device,


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